What would a rose garden be without at least one climbing rose thrown into the mix. Climbing roses are known by several different names depending on how they grow including: pillars, ramblers, trailing roses, and everblooming roses. They are not considered true vines; however, they are the perfect adornment to any arch, fence, or other structure in your garden.
Climbing Rose Requirements
Since climbing roses do not have tendrils as other climbing vines do, they need help from us. A gardener can attach a plant loosely to a structure or wind it through the structure if possible. Some popular structures that climbing roses are grown on include: trellis’, arbors, fences, pillars, sheds, and walls. If a climbing rose is trained laterally instead of to grow vertically, often they will produce more flowers. If a climbing rose grows vertically, they will produce shorter spurs along the main canes. These are the canes that will produce the blooms. Other than their growth habit, growing climbing roses is not much different from other roses. Climbing roses need about six to seven hours of direct unfiltered sunlight a day. Even climbing roses that are said to do well in the part shade still need about four to five hours of direct sunlight a day.
Choosing a Climbing Rose
If you are planning on placing a climbing rose in your garden, the first thing to take into consideration is the height or length that these types of roses will grow to. Some varieties of climbing roses are massive with the ability to grow up to third feet in height. There are also a number of varieties that will grow to seven feet. If you have your heart set on a particular type of climbing rose, make sure that the structure that will support it can handle it. The height that climbing roses will grow to is also determined by where you live and the climate.
Types of Climbing Roses
As mentioned previously, there are a number of types of climbing roses, each with their own growth pattern. Some species of climbing roses can grow to be around thirty feet in height. Some varieties of climbing roses are everbloomers which means that they bloom all throughout the growing season. Other varieties are spring bloomers meaning they only bloom in the spring.
Pruning Climbing Roses
The one main difference between caring for roses that are climbers and other types of rose bush care is that climbers require minimal pruning. You don’t need to prune at all for the first two years after you plant the rose bush. In fact, if a climbing rose is pruned yearly, it actually produces less flowers. Most gardeners with climbing roses, only prune their climbers every three to four years. Pruning for a climber only entails removing old and less vigorous canes and smaller canes. The healthy, vigorous canes are encouraged to grow and will become more flexible. This will allow the gardener to more easily train the canes.
While growing climbing roses takes patience in the beginning, they are well worth the wait. But, when they do become established, their fragrance and the colors will add continual beauty to your garden.